Buddhism does not believe in God and soul. Buddhism does not believe in any heresy or miracles. This religion is based on truth, reality, non-violence and action. We can talk this a revolution in the history of religions in India. Buddhism was not initially entangled in philosophical debates; hence it was liked by the common people.
Introduction of buddha
Gautam Buddha was born in 563 BC. He was born in Lumbini village of Kapilvastu situated in the Terai of Nepal. Buddhism was founded by Mahatma Buddha. His childhood name was Siddharth. Siddhartha’s mother’s name was Mahamaya and father’s name was Shuddhodan. After his mother’s death, he was brought up by his aunt Gautami.
Features of Buddhism
The ultimate goal of Buddhism is the end of suffering from all human society. “I teach only one substance – there is suffering, the cause of suffering, the cessation of suffering, and the path to the cessation of suffering” (Buddha). Followers of Buddhism try to attain freedom from ignorance and sorrow and attain nirvana by following the Eightfold Path and living according to the no.
Buddha’s personality made him and his faith beloved by the people. Buddha was kind and selfless.
The public was attracted towards him due to his calm conduct, lovely words of simple philosophy and life of sacrifice.
People close to him had a moral solution. As a result, Buddhism expanded rapidly.
Buddhism was cheap because it lacked the rituals that identify the Vedic religion.
Traditional religious rituals rather than ceremonies and religious rituals became its guiding elements helping in establishing a healthy social tradition.
A spiritual path free from materialistic things like festivals and offerings to appease Christian gods and Brahmins was promoted.
No caste discrimination
Buddhism did not believe in castes. It was anti-caste and treated people of all castes equally.
Its followers met together, caste aside, and discussed morality and ethics. Non-Brahmins were especially attracted to it.
Doctrines of Buddhism
Ariya-sacchani (the four noble truths), Ashtangika-marga (the eightfold path), the middle path, the code of social conduct, and the attainment of nirvana/nirvana are the basis of the Buddha’s doctrine.
The teachings are not dogmas, but upayas (skillful methods or skillful tools).
Four Noble Truths of Buddhism
four noble truths
Sadh (Truth of Suffering)
According to Buddhism, everything is a source of suffering (sabam dukham). It refers to a person’s tendency to tolerate suffering rather than experience actual pain and suffering.
Community (the truth about the cause of suffering)
The root source of suffering is craving (desire). Every illness has a purpose, and it is an inevitable part of life.
Cessation (Truth of the End of Suffering)
Suffering can end with the attainment of Nirvana/Nirvana.
Ashtangika-Marga (The Truth of the Path Leading to the End of Suffering)
The solution to suffering lies in the Eightfold Path.
Impact of Buddhism
Buddhism has contributed significantly to the development of Indian culture, particularly through the notion of non-violence.
It made significant contributions to Indian art and architecture. The stupas of Sanchi, Bharhut and Gaya are magnificent works of art.
Residential universities were employed to promote education, such as those at Takshashila, Nalanda and Vikramashila.
The teachings of Buddhism influenced the development of Pali and other local languages.
It also helped in the spread of Indian culture throughout Asia.
Buddhism as a soft power in India is not the same as it is in other cultures.
India pays more attention to shared cultural development than cultural export.
The influence of Lord Buddha and the teachings of Buddhism can be linked to the ideals of peace, accommodation, inclusion and compassion that are part of modern societies.
Buddhism is not limited to Asia, it has created spiritual awakening in other parts of the world and influenced a variety of intellectual systems.
India today has a variety of resources including pilgrimage sites, the presence of the Dalai Lama and international goodwill as well as necessary intentions.